Django Bootstrap Extra Form Buttons

This is how I have been implementing extra buttons on my forms via Django Bootstrap.

# In context of form model
class XUpdateForm(forms.ModelForm):
def clean(self):
	cleaned_data = super(XUpdateForm, self).clean()

	# Add action to clean data
	cleaned_data['action'] =['action']

	return cleaned_data

Now in the view responsible for this form

form = XUpdateForm(request.POST)

obj =
obj = q_id
obj = user_id

# Process valid forms only
if form.is_valid():
	action = form.cleaned_data['action']

In the template that renders the form and buttons, we add name and value arguments to our boostrap_button calls.

{% bootstrap_button "Update" name="action" value="update" button_type="submit" %}
{% bootstrap_button "Remove" name="action" value="remove" button_type="submit" %}

Happy coding!

Dec 9th, 2017 • Filed under Django, Python

Connect to Virtual Machine Console from XenServer Command Line

Simple shell script to help with connecting to VM console from the command line.

DOMID=$(xe vm-list uuid=$1 params=dom-id --minimal)
HOSTUUID=$(xe vm-list uuid=$1 params=resident-on --minimal)
NAMELABEL=$(xe host-list uuid=$HOSTUUID params=name-label --minimal)
XL=$(which xl)

if [ "${MYHOSTNAME}-" == "${NAMELABEL}-" ]; then
        echo "locally resident"
	ps aux | grep vnc | grep "/$DOMID/" | awk '{print $2}' | xargs kill >/dev/null 2>/dev/null
        echo "Connecting, use Ctrl-] to disconnect."
	$XL console $DOMID
        echo "resident on $NAMELABEL, domid=$DOMID"

A session would something like this.

[[email protected] ~]# ./ 2718f399-e4b5-cbcc-e924-c9464ccaf343
locally resident
Connecting, use Ctrl-] to disconnect.
login: timed out after 60 seconds

dev login:

The script can be found in the Downloads section.

Nov 7th, 2017 • Filed under XenServer

Django Multiple Settings Structure

In my Django projects, I tend to break out into multiple files. This keeps settings for different environments separate from each other. You might want to have debug settings for development environments only. Example settings structure:

(cormier) [[email protected] cormier]$ ls cormier/settings/
(cormier) [[email protected] cormier]

At the top of settings files import base settings.

from .base import *

The settings can be used in two ways, from the command line using –settings parameter.

python manage runserver --settings=cormier.settings.development

or using the environment variable DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE.

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=cormier.settings.development

If you are experiencing an error message similar to the following:

ImportError: No module named settings.development

Note when you create the settings directory, add an empty file or Python will fail to recognize it as a module.

Happy coding!

Oct 12th, 2017 • Filed under Django, Python

API Gateway Path Parameters to Lambda Functions

I have been poking around AWS API Gateway and was trying to access the path parameters from a NodeJS Lambda function handler. To achieve this access we need to create a mapping. Resources -> Integration Request. Expand Body Mapping Templates.

Type application/json and include something like the following:

     "param1": "$input.params('param1')"

This would map the request parameter param1 to event variable param1, the names aren’t important, and don’t have to match.

Retrieve value from within NodeJS handler function:

var param1 = event.param1;

More information can be found here.

Note: Lambda proxy integration will pass all parameters from the HTTP(S) request to the Lambda function.

Mar 8th, 2017 • Filed under Amazon Web Service, API Gateway, Lambda

Troubleshoot AWS CLI Access

If you are having issues using awscli, verify the credentials haven’t changed and that the time is correct on the instance you’re trying to use awscli.

Date and Time

An error occurred (AuthFailure) when calling the DescribeAvailabilityZones operation: AWS was not able to validate the provided access credentials
An error occurred (SignatureDoesNotMatch) when calling the DescribeAccountLimits operation: Signature expired: 20170220T220024Z is now earlier than 20170220T220048Z (20170220T220548Z - 5 min.)

If you are getting errors like above and the credentials haven’t changed. You most likely have a time source issue, and the signatures are being signed with invalid time data. Update time using a reliable NTP source and try again.


A client error (SignatureDoesNotMatch) occurred when calling the GetUser operation: The request signature we calculated does not match the signature you provided. Check your AWS Secret Access Key and signing method. Consult the service documentation for details.

Verify environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY are set to the correct values.

Feb 20th, 2017 • Filed under Amazon Web Service, CLI